General Information about Costa Rica




Capital: San José

Currency: Colón

Boundaries: North: Nicaragua, South-East: Panamá

Extensión: 51.100 Km2

Highest peak: Cerro Chirripó (height 3,820 m)

Widest crater: Poás Volcano (one of the widest in the world, with a diameter of 1 Km)

National Flower: Guaria Morada

National Tree: Guanacaste

National Bird: Yiguirro

Climate: Tropical with two seasons: dry(december-april) and rainy(may-november)

Cuisine: In Limon, on the Atlantic, the food is characterized by the use of coconut oil and milk in its most traditional dishes. Corn is the base for the most popular dishes in the northern region, but are equally used country-wide. Fish and seafood are very popular on the Pacific coast. Rice and beans is the most popular dish of the country. There are many modest establishments where the owner is who serves and often cooks.

Indigenous populations: There are several ethnic populations, among them: Cabécar, Bribrí, Boruca o Brunca, Teribe, Guaymí o Ngabe, Huetar, Chorotega and Maleku. Some of them conserve their original dialects.

Handcrafts: On the southern part of the country, a group of women produce fabrics using natural dyes extracted from plants or marine snails. They have established a small nursery to have a stable dye source and to show future generations the extraction process. In addition, they make bags, arrows, and drums using natural resources.

Nature: Due to its geographic location, Costa Rica is a bridge that joins the northern and southern parts of the continent, which has allowed the mingling of different cultures, as well as species of plants and animals, perhaps like no other country in the world.
It is one of the countries with the most protected areas in the world, accounting for 25% of its total area. There are approximately 850 bird species, of which 600 are resident and the rest migrate during the North American winter, stop here, and then continue their journey to South America.